Roberta Rocca , Kristian Tylén, and Mikkel Wallentin have a new journal article out in Plos One: This shoe, that tiger: Semantic properties reflecting manual affordances of the referent modulate demonstrative use
Demonstrative reference is central to human communication. But what influences our choice of demonstrative forms such as “this” and “that” in discourse? Previous literature has mapped the use of such “proximal” and “distal” demonstratives onto spatial properties of referents, such as their distance from the speaker. We investigated whether object semantics, and specifically functional properties of referents, also influence speakers’ choices of either demonstrative form. Over two experiments, we presented English, Danish and Italian speakers with words denoting animate and inanimate objects, differing in size and harmfulness, and asked them to match them with a proximal or a distal demonstrative. Objects that offer more affordances for manipulation (smaller and harmless) elicited significantly more proximal demonstratives. These effects were stronger for inanimate referents, in line with the predictions of sensory-functional views on object semantics. These results suggest that demonstrative use may be partly grounded on manual affordances, and hints at the possibility of using demonstratives as a proxy to investigate the organization of semantic knowledge.
Researcher Raed Bsili recently travelled to Beijing to present the paper ‘An Evolutionary Approach for the Optimal Design of the iCub mk.3 Parallel Wrist’ (R Bsili, G Metta, A Parmiggiani, 2018) at the IEEE-RAS 18th International Conference on Humanoid Robots.
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On the this training course, hosted by Friedrich Schiller University Jena, researchers participated in a full day video workshop to learn how to make, shoot, cut and present videos particularly to enable ESRs to showcase their research. On the second day, following linguistics lectures from Karsten Schmidtke-Bode and Christoph Rzymski, ESRs discussed academic skills and possible research collaborations.
For the third Training School, Researchers and PIs were welcomed by the Head of the Department of Language and Literature at NTNU, Professor Annlaug I. Bjørsnøs There was then an opportunity to consider individual variation in predictive language process and to further consider developmental systems and developmental language disorders. On the second day ESRs received a talk about Research Ethics and career prospects.
At the forthcoming ESLP 2018 event, Researcher Michela Caldano will give a talk on Spatial demonstratives and perceptual space: To reach or not to reach in the sagittal and lateral planes? There is much debate regarding the relationship between spatial demonstratives (‘this’ or ‘that’) and perceptual space. While some have argued for a close mapping between the use of demonstratives and the peripersonal/extrapersonal space distinction (Coventry et al., 2008, 2014; Diessel, 2005, 2014), others have argued that distance from a speaker does not affect demonstrative choice (e.g. Kemmerer, 1999; Peeters et al., 2015).
Michela will highlight her recent experiments investigating the mapping between the use of demonstratives and perceptual space across sagittal and lateral planes using a variant of the ‘memory game’ method (Coventry et al., 2008; Gudde et al., 2018) where participants were instructed to use language to memorise object location to elicit the production of demonstratives (without being aware about the real purpose of the study).
ESR Patricia González Peña will give a talk at the AttLis 2018 conference, organised by NNTU Trondheim, 29th– 31st of August. Patricia, who is hosted by the University of East Anglia, will present her findings on the development of demonstrative words at the talk Effect of distance and ownership on the use of demonstratives in development.
ESR Sara Ramos Cabo from the Language Acquisition and Language Processing Lab at NTNU, recently gave a talk about her project at a Seminar organised by co-supervisor, Professor Joana Acha Morcillo, at the University of the Basque Country (Faculty of Psychology).
ESR Samuel Navas Medrano will present his research ‘Deictic Communication across Distances: Visualising Remote Pointing Gestures on Mobile Devices’ at the 32nd British Human Computer Interaction Conference in Belfast. Details of the Conference Programme and Samuel’s presentation are available at HCI2018
At a recent event for prospective PhD students and current post-docs, ESR Merlijn Breunesse shared her experience of being a Marie Sklodowska-Curie Fellow on the DCOMM Grant. The event, joining organised by the Freidrich-Schiller-Universität Jena and KoWi (Kooperationsstelle EU der Wissenschaftsorganisationen), considered ‘Research in Europe’ and funding mechanisms.
ESR Merlijn Breunesse and her colleague, Barthe Bloom, have had a poster accepted for the 20th International Congress of Linguists 2018 to be held in Cape Town in July. The Abstract for “The role of (inter)subjectification in the development of the Norwegian preproprial article into the psychologically distal demonstrative” -can be viewed here